Corruption is still the leading problem facing the country according to an EACC survey, with the Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government ranked as the Ministry most prone to corruption. According to the National Ethics and Corruption Survey done by the anti-corruption body, 64.7% of respondents cited the Ministry as the most prone to graft, followed by the Ministry of Health (27.8% of the respondents) and the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (23.9%).
Among the departments and agencies prone to corruption, the Kenya Police leads with 23.8%. In the Counties, the Finance and Planning Department leads with 17.7% followed by County Health Services with 15.2% of respondents. Poverty, unemployment, unfavourable economic conditions and political instability are other main problems facing the country.
Speaking during the launch of the report, EACC CEO Halakhe Wako said the average times a bribe was demanded reduced to 1.5 times nationally from 1.6 times in the survey conducted in 2016. The average bribe dropped to Kshs 5,058 from Kshs 7,081. Most of the bribes paid were meant to ensure hastening of services, 13% paid to avoid problems with the authorities while 10% of the respondents paid as a custom.
Many of the respondents involved in the survey indicated an unwillingness to engage in corrupt and unethical conduct, with 78.1% not favouring the idea, while 22% said they would take up the opportunity. 19.2% affirmed they have engaged in acts of corruption or unethical conduct in the past one year.